Έκδοση: 2013
ISBN: 978-960-622-206-1
Σελίδες: 300
Συγγραφέας: Y. Kelemenis

Published under the auspices of Nomiki Bibliothiki, the Kelemenis & Co. Series in Business Law aims to provide handbooks and monographs for businesses and legal practitioners and do so in plain language and with a pragmatic approach. It is an initiative that has evolved beyond the firmʼs numerous publications, in Greek and in English, over the past few years, which have communicated some of the firmʼs accumulated knowledge and experience of the practice of business law to a wider audience. Together with Nomiki Bibliothiki, we have concluded that the time was ripe for the firmʼs well-received publications to go beyond legal and tax newsletters and alerts, and beyond articles in refereed journals and chapters in edited volumes, some of which have already been published by prominent law publishers (e.g. Oxford University Press, Cambridge University Press, Sweet & Maxwell). Indeed, the driving force behind launching such a business law series, a novelty for the Greek legal setting, is the need for publications in core areas of business law, which are written in a straightforward and practical manner for both lawyers and non-lawyers without compromising the key qualities expected of a legal publication. This is the need that Nomiki Bibliothiki and Kelemenis & Co. have set out to tackle by launching this new series.

Ιn the case of this first volume “Greek Business Law: A Handbook for Businesses and Legal Practitioners”, it has been assessed that an outline of Greek business law, which is written in English and can reach out to a readership beyond the Greek business and legal community, is missing from the existing literature and that an English text can better facilitate the access of businesses, domestic and foreign, and of foreign legal practitioners to Greek business law. The approach that the series and this first volume aim to serve is demonstrated by the broad definition given to business law. Rather than being closely linked to commercial law (to which, of course, it is), business law has been treated as a wider body of law that encompasses all key areas of law that impact the operation of a business. In this context, branches of law such as employment, tax, public procurement, data protection or commercial litigation, which would not normally find their way into typical business/commercial law books, have been integrated into the seriesʼ definition of business law to reflect their strong relevance to the way a business operates and is regulated.

“Greek Business Law: A Handbook for Businesses and Legal Practitioners” has drawn, to a large extent, on the firmʼs everyday commercial and business experience. Clearly, it is a handbook that is not exhaustive in terms of either scope or each chapterʼs subject matter. There are areas that have been put aside to be dealt with in a later edition; and there are sections whose degree of detail could arguably be greater. Be that as it may, my objective has been to provide a reasonably sufficient degree of detail for a book that needs to strike a good balance between being a reference work and a handbook with a voluminous subject matter that cannot be dealt with in its entirety nor in substantial detail. In this context, the objective of this book is to cover most key areas of Greek business law in a clear, informative and succinct manner without following strict rules of scholarly writing (e.g. footnotes and references) or covering every possible aspect of Greek business law.

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  • 1. Introduction: General System of Law29
  • PART I: ISSUES IN CIVIL LAW30
  • 2. Contracts30
  • 2.1. Introduction30
  • 2.2. Formation of contracts30
  • 2.2.1. Capacity of parties to conclude contracts30
  • 2.2.2. Meeting of declarations of will30
  • 2.2.3. Formalities31
  • 2.3. Non-performance of obligations31
  • 2.3.1. Impossibility of performance31
  • 2.3.2. Delay31
  • 2.3.3. Rescission32
  • 2.4. Responsibility32
  • 2.4.1. Responsibility for one’s conduct32
  • 2.4.2. Responsibility for employees32
  • 2.4.3. The problem of altered circumstances32
  • 2.5. Commercial contracts33
  • 2.5.1. Commercial contracts stricto sensu33
  • 2.5.2. Service contracts33
  • 2.5.3. Banking and finance contracts33
  • 2.6. Assignments34
  • 3. Real Property34
  • 3.1. Real property rights and related distinctions34
  • 3.2. Division of real property35
  • 3.3. Ways of property acquisition under Greek law36
  • 3.4. Taxation of real property36
  • 3.4.1. Taxes imposed on the transfer of property36
  • 3.4.2. Real estate tax37
  • 3.4.3. Special tax on real estate37
  • 3.4.4. Extraordinary duty on real estate (E.E.T.I.D.E. or E.E.T.A)38
  • 3.4.5. Capital gains tax38
  • 3.5. Restrictions in real estate property38
  • 3.6. Recordation of property transactions39
  • 3.7. Real estate investment companies40
  • 4. Security Rights40
  • 4.1. Types of collateral40
  • 4.2. Perfection and priority41
  • 4.2.1. Hypothec on immoveable property41
  • 4.2.2. Hypothec pre-notation on immoveable property41
  • 4.2.3. Preferred ship mortgage and ship hypothec42
  • 4.2.4. Pledge on moveable tangible property42
  • 4.2.5. Pledge of a negotiable instrument42
  • 4.2.6. Pledge of receivables and intangible property42
  • 4.2.7. Guarantee42
  • 4.3. Priority of liens42
  • 4.4. Steps for foreclosing on and selling collateral43
  • 4.4.1. Foreclosure43
  • 4.4.2. Sale43
  • PART II: ISSUES IN COMMERCIAL LAW45
  • 5. Merchants and Non-Merchants45
  • 6. Agency and Commercial Representation45
  • 6.1. Commercial agents45
  • 6.2. Distributors46
  • 6.3. Franchising47
  • 7. Commercial Papers48
  • 7.1. Bills of exchange48
  • 7.2. Promissory notes49
  • 7.3. Checks50
  • 8. Consumer Protection51
  • 8.1. Legislative framework51
  • 8.1.1. The consumer protection statute51
  • 8.1.2. Other legislative acts57
  • 8.2. Definition of consumer58
  • 8.3. Consumer policy institutions58
  • 8.3.1. General Secretariat of Consumer Affairs58
  • 8.3.2. Mediating services59
  • 8.4. Consumer associations59
  • 8.5. Product liability60
  • 8.6. Sanctions and remedies61
  • 8.6.1. Civil sanctions and remedies61
  • 8.6.2. Criminal sanctions62
  • 9. Intellectual Property62
  • 9.1. Industrial property62
  • 9.1.1. Patents and utility models62
  • 9.1.2. Application for patents and utility models63
  • 9.1.3. Examination procedure for patents and utility models63
  • 9.1.4. Publications for patents and utility models64
  • 9.1.5. Extent of protection65
  • 9.2. Trademarks65
  • 9.2.1. Definition65
  • 9.2.2. Registration procedure67
  • 9.2.3. Duration and cancellation of trademarks69
  • 9.3. Copyright69
  • 9.3.1. Economic and moral rights69
  • 9.3.2. Public performance70
  • 9.3.3. Restrictions on copyright and related rights70
  • 9.3.4. Collective protection societies71
  • 10. Competition71
  • 10.1. The recent overhaul of competition legislation71
  • 10.2. The Hellenic Competition Authority (HCC)72
  • 10.2.1. Prioritization of cases73
  • 10.2.2. Time-frame for the issuance of decisions73
  • 10.3. Anticompetitive agreements73
  • 10.4. Abuse of dominant position74
  • 10.5. Prior notification of concentrations75
  • 10.5.1. Definition of concentrations75
  • 10.5.2. Obligation for pre-notification of concentrations75
  • 10.5.3. Notification procedure76
  • 10.5.4. Two-phase examination77
  • 10.5.5. Post-merger notification78
  • 10.6. Judicial review78
  • 10.7. Sanctions79
  • 10.7.1. Administrative sanctions79
  • 10.7.2. Criminal sanctions80
  • 11. Unfair Competition80
  • 11.1. Legal framework80
  • 11.2. Scope of application81
  • 11.3. Legal defence81
  • 12. E-commerce82
  • 12.1. Introduction82
  • 12.2. Commercial communications82
  • 12.2.1. Conditions under which electronic information may be communicated82
  • 12.2.2. Unsolicited commercial communications82
  • 12.2.3. Marketing campaigns and spamming83
  • 12.2.4. Regulated professions/occupations83
  • 12.3. Contracts concluded by electronic means83
  • 12.3.1. Conclusion of e-contracts83
  • 12.3.2. Issuing and storing e-invoices for online transactions84
  • 12.3.3. Right of withdrawal85
  • 12.4. Liability of Intermediary Service Providers85
  • 12.4.1. Online intermediaries85
  • 12.4.2. Limitation of liability85
  • 13. Insurance86
  • 13.1. The private (re)insurance regulatory framework86
  • 13.2. Non-admitted (re)insurance86
  • 13.3. Consequences of a non-admitted (re)insurer covering risks in Greece87
  • 13.4. Requirements for granting license to an insurer in Greece87
  • 13.5. Requirements for granting a license to a reinsurer in Greece87
  • 13.6. Procedure for the grant of license regarding the conduct cof (re)insurance business88
  • 13.7. Requirements for the provision of (re)insurance cover by non-Greek (re)insurance undertakings88
  • 13.8. Solvency requirements of (re)insurance undertakings88
  • 13.9. Insurance insolvency winding-up proceedings89
  • 13.10. Requirements regarding the conduct of insurance business in Greece by EU/EEA (re)insurers89
  • 13.11. Insurance mediation90
  • 13.12. Types of insurance intermediaries90
  • 13.13. Prerequisites for undertaking insurance mediation business in Greece91
  • 13.14. Minimum statutory/regulatory context of an insurance contract91
  • 13.15. Statutory/regulatory requirements for the protection of the policyholder92
  • 13.16. Insurer’s right to revoke cover92
  • 13.17. Principles regarding multiple insurance93
  • 13.18. Principles regarding under/over-insurance93
  • 13.19. Filing a direct action against the insurer by a third party93
  • 14. Bankruptcy and Insolvency94
  • 14.1. Reorganization and insolvency regulation94
  • 14.2. Conditions for the initiation of insolvency procedures94
  • 14.3. Commencement of rehabilitation process95
  • 14.4. Bodies involved in the rehabilitation process96
  • 14.5. Prerequisites for the official conclusion of a rehabilitation rescue plan96
  • 14.6. Mechanisms used to protect business assets in pre-bankruptcy97
  • 14.7. The special liquidation procedure98
  • 14.8. Effects of bankruptcy proceedings100
  • 14.9. Post-bankruptcy reorganization procedures101
  • 14.10. Ranking of creditors in bankruptcy procedures102
  • 14.11. Liability of a director, parent company (domestic or foreign) or other party for the debts of an insolvent company102
  • 14.12. Setting aside transactions of a company that becomes insolvent103
  • PART III: LAW OF BUSINESS ORGANISATIONS105
  • 15. Business Organisations105
  • 15.1. Company Limited by Shares (Société Anonyme or SA)105
  • 15.1.1. Formation of a SA105
  • 15.1.2. Share capital106
  • 15.1.3. General Meeting of Shareholders (GMS)107
  • 15.1.4. Key rights, duties and liabilities of the shareholder108
  • 15.1.5. Rights of minority shareholders110
  • 15.1.6. Board of Directors (BoD)111
  • 15.1.7. Accounting books and records112
  • 15.1.8. Audit requirements113
  • 15.1.9. Government supervision113
  • 15.1.10. Transfer of non-listed shares114
  • 15.1.11. Transfer of listed shares114
  • 15.2. Company with Limited Liability (Eteria Periorismenis Efthynis or EPE)115
  • 15.2.1. Formation of an EPE115
  • 15.2.2. Capital and units116
  • 15.2.3. Administration116
  • 15.2.4. Partners’ meeting117
  • 15.2.5. Accounting Books and Records118
  • 15.2.6. Audit requirements118
  • 15.2.7. Reporting requirements118
  • 15.2.8. Distribution of profits118
  • 15.2.9. Liquidation119
  • 15.3. Private Company (Idiotiki Kefaleouhiki Eteria or IKE)119
  • 15.3.1. Formation of an IKE119
  • 15.3.2. Duration120
  • 15.3.3. Capital and units120
  • 15.3.4. Administration121
  • 15.3.5. Partners’ meeting121
  • 15.3.6. Accounting Books and Records122
  • 15.3.7. Audit requirements122
  • 15.4. General Partnership (Omorythmos Eteria or OE)122
  • 15.5. Limited Partnership (Eterorythmos Eteria or EE)123
  • 15.6. European Company (Societas Europaea or SE)123
  • 15.7. Branch of a foreign company123
  • 15.8. Offshore Entities (Statute 89/1967)124
  • 15.9. Joint Venture125
  • 15.10. European Economic Interest Grouping (EEIG)125
  • PART IV: ISSUES IN M A AND CAPITAL MARKETS127
  • 16. Mergers Acquisitions (Public)127
  • 16.1. Obtaining control of a public company127
  • 16.2. Regulation of public takeovers and mergers127
  • 16.3. Due diligence enquiries in recommended and hostile bids128
  • 16.4. Preliminary outlining the bid agreement129
  • 16.5. Disclosure and notification requirements, restrictions and timetables129
  • 16.6. Mandatory offer131
  • 16.7. Formal agreement between the bidder and the target131
  • 16.8. Break fees and withdrawal of an offer132
  • 16.9. Announcing and making the offer132
  • 16.10. Conditions attached to a takeover offer134
  • 16.11. Offer document135
  • 16.12. Process of mandatory offer137
  • 16.13. Regulations for a minimum level of consideration138
  • 16.14. Squeeze-out and sell-out rights139
  • 16.15. Defending a hostile bid (pre- and post-bid)139
  • 16.16. Restrictions or disclosure requirements imposed on persons140
  • 16.17. Delisting141
  • 17. Spin-offs and Transfer of Business and Assets141
  • 17.1. Business vs asset deals141
  • 17.2. Civil liability issues142
  • 17.3. Employment issues142
  • 17.4. Tax treatment142
  • 17.4.1. Transfer of business142
  • 17.4.2. Transfer of assets143
  • 17.5. Types of spin offs under Greek corporate law143
  • 17.6. Procedures applicable to divisions144
  • 18. Open-ended Mutual Funds and Closed-ended Funds145
  • 18.1. Open-ended mutual funds146
  • 18.2. Closed - ended funds148
  • 18.3. Foreign funds149
  • 19. Venture Capital150
  • 19.1. Brief overview of the venture capital market in Greece150
  • 19.2. Tax incentive schemes encouraging investment in venture capital companies151
  • 19.3. Legal structure(s) commonly used as vehicles for venture capital funds in Greece151
  • 19.4. Regulation of venture capital funds152
  • 19.5. Regulation of the relationship between investor and fund152
  • 19.6. Rights of a fund in its capacity as holder of preferred shares152
  • 19.7. Rights commonly used to give a fund some man­agement control over an investee company153
  • 19.8. Restrictions on the transfer of shares by shareholders153
  • 19.9. Protections of investors as minority shareholders154
  • PART V: TAX155
  • 20. Taxation of Business Entities155
  • 20.1. Main taxable legal entities155
  • 20.2. Income tax rates155
  • 20.3. Withholding tax on dividends distributed by Greek companies and Greek branches155
  • 20.4. Permanent Establishment (PE)157
  • 20.5. Taxable business income (net profit before tax) in Greece158
  • 20.6. Tax deductibility of expenses158
  • 20.7. Special anti-abuse rules159
  • 20.8. Transfer pricing rules160
  • 20.8.1. Arm’s length principle160
  • 20.8.2. Definition of associated companies160
  • 20.8.3. Transfer pricing documentation requirements160
  • 20.8.4. Violation of transfer pricing reporting and rules161
  • 20.8.5. Advance pricing arrangements161
  • 20.9. Filing of income tax returns161
  • 20.10. Certificates filed with the tax returns162
  • 20.11. Advance taxes162
  • 20.12. Credit for taxes paid abroad162
  • 20.13. Carrying tax losses forward162
  • 20.14. Taxation rules for the liquidation process163
  • 20.15. Special rules applicable to specific sectors163
  • 20.16. VAT163
  • 20.16.1. Main characteristics163
  • 20.16.2. VAT rates164
  • 20.17. Stamp duty164
  • 20.18. Tax Issues from financing Greek companies164
  • 20.18.1. Capital tax on equity164
  • 20.18.2. Stamp duty on private (not bank) loans165
  • 20.18.3. Bank loans166
  • 20.18.4. Setting interest rates between associated companies for tax purposes167
  • 20.18.5. Greek withholding tax on interest167
  • 20.18.6. Taxes and duties on financing through corporate bonds169
  • PART VI: INCENTIVES171
  • 21. Incentives171
  • 21.1. Legal framework – Types of grants171
  • 21.2. Amount of grants171
  • 21.3. Regulations regarding the maximum amount of grants172
  • 21.4. Investor’s own contribution173
  • 21.5. Procedural key points of the Incentives Law174
  • 21.6. Obligations of the project company175
  • 21.7. Recent amendments176
  • 21.8. Tax incentives for corporate restructurings177
  • 21.8.1. Key laws and incentives177
  • 21.8.2. Selecting between laws 1297/1972 and 2166/1993178
  • PART VII: FOREIGN TRADE AND INVESTMENT179
  • 22. Foreign Trade and Foreign Direct Investment179
  • 22.1. Duties in foreign trade179
  • 22.2. Foreign investment and ownership restrictions179
  • 22.3. Documentation formalities180
  • 22.4. Government approvals180
  • 22.5. Restrictions on bringing in foreigners to work in Greece and on importing equipment180
  • 22.6. Laws regarding the nationalisation or expropriation of project companies and assets181
  • 22.7. Fiscal treatment of foreign investment181
  • 22.8. Government authorities regulating key sectors182
  • PART VIII: EMPLOYMENT185
  • 23. Employment185
  • 23.1. General principles185
  • 23.1.1. Forums for adjudicating employment disputes185
  • 23.1.2. National law and employees working for foreign companies185
  • 23.1.3. National law and employees of national companies working in another jurisdiction185
  • 23.2. Hiring the employee186
  • 23.2.1. Legal requirements as to the form of agreement186
  • 23.2.2. Mandatory requirements186
  • 23.2.3. Flexible types of employment under Greek labour legislation191
  • 23.2.4. Other Provisions192
  • 23.3. Maintaining the employee relationship193
  • 23.3.1. Changes to the contract193
  • 23.3.2. Change in ownership of the business194
  • 23.3.3. Social security contributions194
  • 23.3.4. Accidents at work194
  • 23.3.5. Discipline and grievance195
  • 23.3.6. Harassment/discrimination/equal pay195
  • 23.3.7. Offsetting earnings195
  • 23.4. Special rules196
  • 23.4.1. Payments for maternity and disability leave196
  • 23.4.2. Compulsory insurance196
  • 23.4.3. Absence for military or public service duties196
  • 23.4.4. Works councils or trade unions196
  • 23.4.5. Employees’ right to strike196
  • 23.4.6. Employers’ responsibility for actions of their employees196
  • 23.5. Firing the employee197
  • 23.5.1. Procedures for terminating the employment agreement197
  • 23.5.2. Instant dismissal197
  • 23.5.3. Employee’s resignation197
  • 23.5.4. Termination on notice197
  • 23.5.5. Termination by reason of the employee’s age198
  • 23.5.6. Directors or other senior officers198
  • 23.5.7. Special rules for categories of employee198
  • 23.5.8. Specific rules for companies in financial difficulties199
  • 23.5.9. Severance payments199
  • 23.5.10. Special tax provisions and severance payments201
  • 23.5.11. Time limits for claims following termination201
  • PART IX: PUBLIC PROCUREMENT203
  • 24. Public Procurement203
  • 24.1. Legislative overview203
  • 24.1.1. National legislation following EU thresholds203
  • 24.1.2. National legislation203
  • 24.2. Applicability of procurement law204
  • 24.2.1. Contracting authority205
  • 24.2.2. Value thresholds205
  • 24.2.3. Extension and amendment of an existing contract205
  • 24.2.4. Transfer of contract206
  • 24.2.5. Privatisations and public-private partnerships (PPPs)206
  • 24.2.6. Services concessions207
  • 24.2.7. Specific provisions for in-house contracts207
  • 24.3. The procurement procedures207
  • 24.3.1. General principles207
  • 24.3.2. Award procedures208
  • 24.3.3. Conclusion of a framework agreement208
  • 24.3.4. Amendments to the composition of the consortium209
  • 24.3.5. Alternative bids209
  • 24.3.6. Bidders’ obligations209
  • 24.3.7. Award criteria209
  • 24.3.8. Abnormally low bids210
  • 24.4. Review proceedings and judicial proceedings210
  • 24.4.1. Applicable proceedings210
  • 24.4.2. Legal implications211
  • PART X: DATA PROTECTION213
  • 25. Data Protection213
  • 25.1. Legal framework213
  • 25.1.1. International obligations213
  • 25.1.2. Constitutional protection213
  • 25.1.3. Legislative protection213
  • 25.2. The Hellenic Data Protection Authority214
  • 25.3. Definitions215
  • 25.4. Collection and processing of personal data215
  • 25.4.1. Lawful processing215
  • 25.4.2. Criteria for lawful processing216
  • 25.4.3. Notifications – Permits217
  • 25.5. Collection and processing of sensitive data218
  • 25.5.1. Prohibition of processing and derogations218
  • 25.5.2. Interconnection permit219
  • 25.6. Exceptions from the obligation to notify and / or receive permits219
  • 25.7. Cross-border transfer of personal data220
  • 25.7.1. Transfer to EU states220
  • 25.7.2. Transfer to non-EU states220
  • 25.8. Rights of data subjects222
  • 25.8.1. Right to information222
  • 25.8.2. Right to access222
  • 25.8.3. Right to object223
  • 25.9. Sanctions223
  • 25.9.1. Administrative sanctions223
  • 25.9.2. Criminal sanctions224
  • 25.9.3. Civil liability224
  • PART XI: DISPUTE RESOLUTION225
  • 26. Civil Actions and Procedures225
  • 26.1. Type of legal system225
  • 26.2. Structure of the Greek civil court system225
  • 26.3. Time limitation in the context of commercial litigation226
  • 26.4. Main stages in ordinary civil proceedings226
  • 26.5. Commencement of civil proceedings227
  • 26.6. Pre-action interim remedies228
  • 26.7. Main elements of the claimant’s pleadings228
  • 26.8. Timelines for serving a statement of defence and defending the claim229
  • 26.9. Case allocation system229
  • 26.10. Rules of disclosure230
  • 26.11. Evidence230
  • 26.12. Rules of appeal against a judgment231
  • 26.13. Enforceable instruments232
  • 26.14. Control of enforcement proceedings by the court232
  • 26.15. Execution to satisfy a money claim232
  • 26.16. Lawyers’ fees and calculation of interest233
  • 27. Arbitration233
  • 27.1. Use of commercial arbitration233
  • 27.2. Arbitration organisations commonly used in large commercial disputes234
  • 27.3. Applicable legislation234
  • 27.4. Mandatory legislative provisions235
  • 27.5. Requirements for independence or impartiality235
  • 27.6. Time limitation in the context of commercial arbitration236
  • 27.7. Arbitration agreements236
  • 27.8. Statutory rules on arbitrators237
  • 27.9. Procedural rules237
  • 27.10. Procedural powers of arbitrators237
  • 27.11. Evidence238
  • 27.12. Intervention of local courts in arbitration proceedings238
  • 27.13. Remedies in breach of an arbitration agreement239
  • 27.14. Interim and final remedies available from the tribunal240
  • 27.15. Appeals and challenges240
  • 27.16. Legal fee structures242
  • 27.17. Liability to pay legal costs242
  • 27.18. Enforcement243
  • 28. Mediation244
  • 28.1. Use of mediation244
  • 28.2. Mediators244
  • 28.2.1. Accreditation requirements244
  • 28.2.2. Appointment245
  • 28.2.3. Requirements for independence and impartiality245
  • 28.2.4. Liability245
  • 28.3. Recourse to mediation245
  • 28.4. Time limitation and prescription periods in the context of mediation246
  • 28.5. Procedural rules246
  • 28.6. Confidentiality246
  • 28.7. Termination of mediation247
  • 28.8. Legal fee structures and costs248
  • 28.9. Enforcement248
  • 29. Recognition of Foreign Judgments248
  • 29.1. Introduction248
  • 29.2. Recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments and orders of third countries249
  • 29.2.1. Enforceability requirements: foreign orders250
  • 29.2.2. Enforceability requirements: foreign court judgments250
  • 29.2.3. Jurisdiction251
  • 29.2.4. Filing and content of action252
  • 29.2.5. Evidence252
  • 29.2.6. Examination of the Greek court253
  • 29.3. Recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments and orders of European Union countries253
  • 29.3.7. Reasons for denial of recognition254
  • 29.3.8. Declaration of enforceability255
  • 29.4. Appeals256
  • 29.4.1. Appeals pursuant to the provisions of Regulation 44/2001256
  • 29.4.2. Appeals pursuant to the provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure258
  • 29.5. Court costs260
  • TABLES OF LEGISLATION261
  • 1. International Conventions261
  • 2. European Treaties and Legislation261
  • 2.1. Treaties261
  • 2.2. Regulations262
  • 2.3. Directives262
  • 3. National Legislation264
  • 3.1. Greek Constitution264
  • 3.2. Greek Codes264
  • 3.3. Greek Statutes273
  • 3.4. Legislative Decrees288
  • 3.5. Presidential Decrees289
  • 3.6. Royal Decrees289
  • INDEX291
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