A Commentary

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Έκδοση: 2017
ISBN: 978-960-622-221-4
Σελίδες: 776
Συγγραφέας: Μ.-Ε. Γραμματοπούλου, Ν. Δαβράδος, Χ. Ζουμπούλης, Β. Μαραζοπούλου, Χ. Μεϊδάνης, Α. Μεταλληνός, Γ. Νικολαΐδης, Ε. Νικολάου, Χ. Παμπούκης, Γ. Πανόπουλος, Αλ.-Π. Σιβιτανίδης, Δ. Σταματιάδης, Γ. Σωμαράκης, Χρ. Τσούκα
Επιμέλεια: Χ. Παμπούκης

Η παρούσα διεθνής έκδοση, με τίτλο EU Succession Regulation No 650/2012: A Commentary, αποτελεί την πλέον επικαιροποιημένη κατ’ άρθρον ερμηνεία του Κανονισμού «Κληρονομικές Σχέσεις», που πραγματοποιείται για πρώτη φορά από Έλληνες συγγραφείς στην αγγλική γλώσσα, στο πλαίσιο συνεργασίας της Νομικής Βιβλιοθήκης με τους εκδοτικούς οίκους C.H.Beck, Hart και Nomos.

Ο Κανονισμός EE 650/2012 για τις Κληρονομικές Σχέσεις της 4ης Ιουλίου 2012 είναι ένας θεμελιώδης και φιλόδοξος Κανονισμός, καθώς τα 84 άρθρα του καλύπτουν όλες σχεδόν τις πτυχές των διεθνών κληρονομικών σχέσεων. Συγκεκριμένα, ρυθμίζονται θέματα διεθνούς δικαιοδοσίας, εφαρμοστέου δικαίου, αναγνώρισης και εκτέλεσης αποφάσεων, αλλά και συνεργασίας μεταξύ των αρχών των κρατών μελών. Ο Κανονισμός «Κληρονομικές Σχέσεις» είναι επίσης καινοτόμος ως προς τις λύσεις που θεσπίζει (proessio juris, μηχανισμός ρήτρας διαφυγής κ.ά.). Σημαντικό είναι πρακτικά το ευρωπαϊκό κληρονομητήριο.

Ο Κανονισμός καλύπτει τις διεθνείς κληρονομικές σχέσεις, δηλαδή τις κληρονομικές σχέσεις με στοιχείο αλλοδαπότητας, και επηρεάζει σημαντικά το ιδιωτικό διεθνές δίκαιο των κρατών μελών της ΕΕ, ως προς τη διεθνή δικαιοδοσία και τον κανόνα σύγκρουσης (στην περίπτωση της Ελλάδας αντικαθιστά σημαντικά την ΑΚ 28), καθώς και ως προς τους κανόνες αναγνώρισης και εκτέλεσης αλλοδαπών αποφάσεων σε κληρονομικές υποθέσεις. Αποτελεί ένα βήμα προόδου στην πορεία της Ευρωπαϊκής ενοποίησης.

Μετά από την αντίστοιχη έκδοση στην ελληνική γλώσσα, οι συντελεστές της ανά χείρας κατ’ άρθρον ερμηνείας παρουσιάζουν επικαιροποιημένη ερμηνεία του Κανονισμού, στην αγγλική γλώσσα, έχοντας λάβει υπόψη όλες τις σχετικές εξελίξεις που μεσολάβησαν πανευρωπαϊκώς σε θεωρία και νομολογία από την έναρξη ισχύος του Κανονισμού τον Αύγουστο του 2015.

Το ανά χείρας έργο αποτελεί και ευρωπαϊκά ένα από τα βασικά ερμηνευτικά βοηθήματα του Κανονισμού EE 650/2012. Απευθύνεται συνεπώς σε όλη την ευρωπαϊκή νομική κοινότητα (τους δικαστές, τους συμβολαιογράφους, τους δικηγόρους και τους φοιτητές των Νομικών Σχολών), αποτελώντας ένα πολύτιμο βοήθημα για την εφαρμογή του Κανονισμού «Κληρονομικές Σχέσεις».

  • -36
  • Introductory Remarks on Regulation No 650/2012 of 4 July 2012 on succession1
  • I. Introduction2
  • II. Fundamental choices of the EU Succession Regulation3
  • 1. The principle of unity of the law4
  • 2. The concurrence of jurisdiction (forum) and applicable law (jus) rules6
  • 3. The principle of predictability for estate planning through freedom of choice in succession matters7
  • 4. The coordination of legal orders8
  • III. Scope of the EU Succession Regulation9
  • IV. The main changes as to Greek law11
  • V. Interpretation of the Regulation and the legal significance of the Preamble12
  • CHAPTER I15
  • Scope and Definitions15
  • Article 1 – Scope15
  • I. Introduction 19
  • 1. The scope of application of the Regulation in general (the relation of the objective scope of application to the temporal, territorial and international ones – The personal scope of application) 19
  • 2. The foundations of the Regulation, their impact on its scope and historic elements of the provision 20
  • 3. The purpose of the rules defining its scope of application in relation to the general objectives of the Regulation - Autonomous interpretation and the principle of exclusive application of the Regulation21
  • II. The objective scope of application: Succession 23
  • 1. In general: Positive and negative definition 23
  • 2. The exclusion of public law matters (revenue, customs or administrative matters, Article 1(1) second sentence) 26
  • 3. Specified exclusions of matters of private (in principle) law related also to succession (Article 1(2)) 28
  • 4. The above issues which are explicitly excluded from the Regulation (as well as other issues that do not fall under it, e.g. whether a right or obligation belongs to the estate of the deceased) as preliminary/incidental to a principal issue of succession 59
  • 5. In relation to issues falling in the Regulation what is governed by its rules - General Description63
  • 6. The principle of exclusive application of the Regulation72
  • III. Temporal Scope of application (Articles 83-84)77
  • IV. Territorial scope of application 78
  • 1. In general78
  • 2. The meaning of the term ‘Member State’ for the application of the Regulation by Member States bound by it - Non-inclusion of any State not bound by it79
  • V. International scope of application - Application of the Regulation’s rules exclusively in relation to Member States or also to third States (“universality” of the application - erga omnes effect)80
  • 1. The Regulation’s application to international succession cases 81
  • 2. Application of the Regulation to international succession cases whether having a connection with the European Union or not83
  • VI. Other issues related to the scope of application of the Regulation; the relation of the Succession Regulation to International Conventions and other EU Regulations (Articles 75-76)85
  • 1. Relation to other Regulations85
  • 2. Relation to International Conventions86
  • Article 2 – Competence in matters of succession within the Member States88
  • I. Significance of this provision in general88
  • II. Significance of this provision in matters of competences related to international jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments and instruments etc. 89
  • III. Significance of this provision in matters of competences related to the applicable law90
  • IV. Significance of this provision in matters of competences related to the European Certificate of Succession90
  • V. Limits of the principle expressed by this provision92
  • Article 3 – Definitions93
  • I. In general94
  • II. Definitions related to concepts of the law of succession96
  • 1. Succession (Article 3(1)(a))96
  • 2. Agreement as to succession (Article 3(1)(b))96
  • 3. Joint will (Article 3(1)(c))100
  • 4. Disposition of property upon death (Article 3(1)(d))102
  • III. Definitions related mainly to procedural law concepts 103
  • 1. Member State of origin and Member State of enforcement (Article 3(1)(e) and (f))103
  • 2. Decision (Article 3(1)(g)) 104
  • 3. Court settlement (Article 3(1)(h))104
  • 4. Authentic instrument (Article 3(1)(i))105
  • IV. The definition of “court” in particular (Article 3(2))106
  • 1. Definition 106
  • 2. Other national authorities falling within the definition of court (notaries and consuls) and the obligation for notification of the Member States according to Article 79107
  • 3. Consequences of falling within the definition of court under the Regulation and of the characterization of a national authority as court108
  • 4. Arbitral tribunals as ‘courts’ under the Regulation109
  • CHAPTER II110
  • Jurisdiction110
  • Article 4 – General jurisdiction110
  • I. Introductory remarks111
  • II. Concept and function of habitual residence under the EU Succession Regulation113
  • III. Determining the place of habitual residence115
  • IV. Limitations on the jurisdictional function of Article 4119
  • Article 5 – Choice-of-court agreement120
  • I. Introduction120
  • II. Prerequisites for a valid prorogation of jurisdiction122
  • 1. Formal prerequisites 123
  • 2. Substantive prerequisites123
  • III. Legal consequences of a prorogation agreement124
  • Article 6 – Declining of jurisdiction in the event of a choice of law126
  • I. Introductory remarks126
  • II. Discretionary declining of jurisdiction126
  • III. Mandatory declining of jurisdiction129
  • Article 7 – Jurisdiction in the event of a choice of law131
  • Article 8 – Closing of own-motion proceedings in the event of a choice of law132
  • Article 9 – Jurisdiction based on appearance134
  • I. Introduction135
  • II. The possibility of tacit prorogation136
  • III. Contesting jurisdiction and consequences thereof 140
  • IV. Compulsory joinder of parties 141
  • Article 10 – Subsidiary jurisdiction145
  • I. Introduction 145
  • II. Subsidiary character 146
  • III. Assets of the estate as the main jurisdictional link 148
  • IV. Supplementary connecting factors 152
  • Article 11 – Forum necessitatis154
  • I. Introduction 154
  • II. Exceptional and subsidiary nature155
  • III. The risk of denial of justice 157
  • IV. Sufficient connection 159
  • Article 12 – Limitation of proceedings161
  • I. Introduction161
  • II. Conditions162
  • 1. Jurisdiction of a Court of a Member State 162
  • 2. Explicit Conditions163
  • III. Legal Consequences167
  • Article 13 – Acceptance or waiver of the succession, of a legacy or of a reserved share169
  • I. Preamble 169
  • II. Conditions of application 170
  • III. Legal Consequence174
  • Article 14 – Seising of a court178
  • Article 15 – Examination as to jurisdiction180
  • Article 16 – Examination as to admissibility182
  • Article 17 – Lis pendens186
  • I. The provision and its aim 186
  • II. Conditions of application 190
  • Article 18 – Related actions193
  • Article 19 – Provisional, including protective, measures196
  • I. The rule and the prerequisites for the issuance of an order for provisional/ protective measures 196
  • II. Cases and prerequisites regarding provisional/protective measures 198
  • CHAPTER III202
  • Applicable Law202
  • Article 20 – Universal application202
  • Article 21 – General rule204
  • I. Introductory remarks204
  • II. The concept of ‘habitual residence’ as connecting factor206
  • III. Issues regarding the determination of habitual residence206
  • IV. The exceptional function of the exemption or escape clause207
  • Article 22 – Choice of law209
  • I. Introduction211
  • ΙΙ. The principle of professio juris212
  • 1. Definition and features212
  • 2. Comparative overview213
  • 3. Ratio219
  • 4. Advantages and disadvantages of professio juris221
  • ΙΙΙ. The choice of lex hereditatis under the Regulation225
  • 1. Nationality of the testator225
  • 2. Content of the choice227
  • 3. Validity of the choice of law230
  • 4. Modification and revocation of the choice235
  • Article 23 – The scope of the applicable law237
  • I. The principle of unity of the succession239
  • 1. Introduction239
  • 2. Unity of the succession as to the assets and liabilities241
  • 3. Principle of unity as to the matters of the succession242
  • 4. Exceptions from the principle of unity of the succession243
  • II. The scope of application of the lex hereditatis247
  • 1. Opening of the succession247
  • 2. Determination of beneficiaries248
  • 3. Capacity to inherit258
  • 4. Disinheritance and disqualification by conduct262
  • 5. Transfer of the assets, rights and liabilities of the estate – acceptance and waiver263
  • 6. Powers of heirs, executors of wills and other administrators of the estate267
  • 7. Liability for the debts of the estate269
  • 8. Reserved shares and other restrictions of the freedom to dispose property upon death270
  • 9. Restoration and accounting for gifts, advances or legacies276
  • 10. Sharing-out of the estate279
  • Article 24 – Dispositions of property upon death other than agreements as to succession283
  • I. Introduction283
  • II. The scope of application of Article 24285
  • III. The application of the hypothetical lex hereditatis288
  • IV. The choice of applicable law290
  • V. Modification or revocation of a disposition of property upon death291
  • Article 25 – Agreements as to succession294
  • I. Introduction 296
  • II. Scope of application of the hypothetical lex successionis 301
  • 1. Dispositions of property upon death governed by this provision302
  • 2. Issues covered by this conflict-of-laws rule306
  • III. Applicable law316
  • 1. National laws prior to the Regulation316
  • 2. The law applicable to an agreement as to succession regarding the succession of one person (Article 25(1))317
  • 3. The law applicable to an agreement as to succession regarding the succession of several persons (Article 25(2))319
  • 4. Choice of applicable law (professio juris) (Article 25(3))322
  • Article 26 – Substantive validity of dispositions of property upon death324
  • I. Introduction325
  • II. The elements comprising the substantive validity of dispositions of property upon death326
  • 1. The capacity of the person making the disposition of property upon death to make such a disposition (Article 26(1)(a))326
  • 2. The particular causes which bar the person making the disposition from disposing in favor of certain persons or which bar a person from receiving succession property from the person making the disposition (Article 26(1)(b)) 329
  • 3. The admissibility of representation for the purposes of making a disposition of property upon death (Article 26(1)(c))330
  • 4. The interpretation of the disposition (Article 26(1)(d))331
  • 5. Vices of consent of the person making the disposition (Article 26(1)(e))332
  • III. Capacity to modify or revoke a disposition of property upon death following a change of the applicable law (Article 26(2))332
  • Article 27 – Formal validity of dispositions of property upon death made in writing334
  • I. Introduction336
  • ΙΙ. Scope of application338
  • III. Alternative connecting factors for evaluating the formal validity of dispositions of property upon death (Article 27(1))341
  • 1. Lex loci actus (Article 27(1)(a))342
  • 2. Lex patriae (Article 27(1)(b))343
  • 3. Lex domicilii (Article 27(1)(c))343
  • 4. Law of the habitual residence (Article 27(2)(d))344
  • 5. Lex rei sitae (Article 27(1)(e)) 346
  • IV. Formal validity of dispositions of property upon death modifying or revoking an earlier disposition (Article 27(2))346
  • V. Provisions of national law limiting the permitted forms of dispositions of property upon death by reference to specific criteria or determining the qualifications of witnesses (Article 27(3))347
  • Article 28 – Validity as to form of a declaration concerning acceptance or waiver349
  • I. Introduction349
  • II. Scope of application351
  • III. Applicable law355
  • Article 29 – Special rules on the appointment and powers of an administrator of the estate in certain situations358
  • Article 30 – Special rules imposing restrictions concerning or affecting the succession in respect of certain assets359
  • Ι. Introductory notes361
  • ΙΙ. The rationale for the provisions of Articles 29 and 30 of the Regulation: The problem of devolution and acquisition of the succession in private international law362
  • ΙΙΙ. The provision of Article 29 of the Regulation365
  • ΙV. The provision of Article 30 of the Regulation369
  • V. Conclusion370
  • Article 31 – Adaptation of rights in rem372
  • I. Introductory remarks - The problem in question373
  • II. Requirements for the application of Article 31375
  • 1. Defining “rights in rem” 375
  • 2. Unknown right in rem 377
  • III. The adaptation 379
  • 1. The adaptation in the context of the Succession Regulation 379
  • 2. The adaptation in various European countries 382
  • Article 32 – Commorientes384
  • I. Introductory remarks385
  • II. The specific requirements for the application of Article 32387
  • 1. Death of two or more individuals whose succession is governed by different laws387
  • 2. Uncertainty in the order of death388
  • 3. Applicable substantive laws adopt different solutions for this situation or lack any provision388
  • Article 33 – Estate without a claimant391
  • I. Determining the estate without a claimant (bona vacantia)392
  • II. The effects of the characterization of an estate as estate without a claimant in national substantive laws - Comparative Remarks393
  • III. The estate without a claimant in case of cross border successions395
  • IV. How conflicts in case of cross border estates without a claimant are addressed396
  • V. Other issues which are related with the application of Article 33399
  • 1. The application of Article 33 in case of assets located in a third country 399
  • 2. Determining where the assets are located 400
  • 3. Protection of creditors400
  • Article 34 – Renvoi401
  • I. Introduction402
  • II. Renvoi within the framework of the common Greek Private International Law402
  • 1. The principle of exclusion of renvoi under Article 32 of the Greek Civil Code402
  • 2. The exceptions403
  • III. Renvoi in the field of European Private International Law404
  • 1. The positive law solutions404
  • 2. The doctrinal debate405
  • IV. The solution of Article 34 406
  • 1. Introduction406
  • 2. Cases of acceptance of renvoi407
  • 3. Cases of exclusion of renvoi408
  • 4. The structure of Regulation 650/2012 and its importance as to the scope of Article 34410
  • Article 35 – Public policy (ordre public)414
  • I. General content 415
  • II. Method of intervention 421
  • III. Classification/Characterisation as a method for avoiding recourse to public policy425
  • IV. Relationship with other Articles of the Regulation 427
  • V. Relevant case law regarding the content of public policy in succession under Article 33 of the GrCC with emphasis on the Greek law prohibiting agreements on succession and joint wills428
  • VI. Other examples regarding the potential intervention of public policy in the context of the Regulation with emphasis on reserved shares431
  • Article 36 – States with more than one legal system – territorial conflicts of laws437
  • I. Introduction438
  • II. The application of internal conflict-of-laws rules of the lex causae (para. 1): The general rule439
  • III. Lack of rules for the inter-territorial conflicts within the legal order of the lex causae (para. 2): The alternative solution applicable439
  • IV. The issue of the formal validity of dispositions of property upon death made in writing (Article 36(3))440
  • Article 37 – States with more than one legal system – inter-personal conflicts of laws442
  • Article 38 – Non–application of Regulation 650/2012 to internal conflicts of laws443
  • CHAPTER IV445
  • Recognition, Enforceability and Enforcement of Decisions445
  • Article 39 – Recognition445
  • I. Introduction - The concept of recognition and the legal consequences of the decision445
  • II. Automatic recognition446
  • III. Recognition process447
  • 1. The principal recognition process448
  • 2. The negative declaratory relief action regarding non-recognition449
  • 3. Incidental recognition450
  • Article 40 – Grounds of non-recognition451
  • I. Introductory remarks451
  • II. Grounds of non-recognition453
  • 1. First ground: Manifest opposition to public policy in the Member State in which recognition is sought453
  • 2. Second ground: lack of service or improper service and the fundamental right of defence460
  • 3. Third ground: a conflict between the decision whose recognition is sought and a decision previously given in the forum or in a third Member State462
  • Article 41 – No review as to the substance465
  • I. General Outline470
  • II. Commentary474
  • 1. Decisions issued by courts of Member States 474
  • 2. Enforceability in the state of origin 477
  • 3. Application for an exequatur 477
  • 4. ‘Of any interested party’477
  • 5. No further autonomous prerequisites478
  • 6. Permissibility of negative declaratory actions 478
  • Article 42 – Staying of recognition proceedings466
  • Article 43 – Enforceability469
  • Article 44 – Determination of domicile481
  • Article 45 – Jurisdiction of local courts483
  • Article 46 – Procedure486
  • I. Application of the lex fori executionis 486
  • II. No postal address or authorised representative in the Member State of enforcement required487
  • III. Autonomous procedural prerequisites487
  • Article 47 – Non-production of the attestation490
  • Article 48 – Declaration of enforceability492
  • Article 49 – Notice of the decision on the application for a declaration of enforceability494
  • Article 50 – Appeal against the decision on the application for a declaration of enforceability497
  • I. General 497
  • II. Establishment of the right to lodge an appeal498
  • III. Issues governed by the lex fori executionis 499
  • IV. Guarantees established in favour of the party against whom enforcement is sought499
  • 1. Guarantee of timely service in case the party against whom enforcement is sought is in default 499
  • 2. On time limits 501
  • V. Interim Measures 501
  • Article 51 – Procedure to contest the decision given on appeal502
  • Article 52 – Refusal or revocation of a declaration of enforceability504
  • Article 53 – Staying of proceedings505
  • Article 54 – Provisional, including protective, measures507
  • I. Introduction508
  • II. Provisional measures before the declaration of enforceability508
  • III. Protective measures after the declaration of enforceability512
  • IV. The automatic suspension of the effect of the decision on the declaration of enforceability515
  • Article 55 – Partial enforceability516
  • Annex691
  • Regulation (EU) No 650/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2012 on jurisdiction, applicable law, recognition and enforcement of decisions and acceptance and enforcement of authentic instruments in matters of succession and on the creation of a European Certificate of Succession691
  • Article 56 – Legal aid518
  • Article 57 – No security, bond or deposit522
  • Article 58 – No charge, duty or fee524
  • CHAPTER V526
  • Authentic Instruments and Court Settlements526
  • Article 59 – Acceptance of authentic instruments526
  • I. Introductory remarks529
  • II. Circulation of an authentic instrument536
  • 1. Extending the evidentiary effects of an authentic instrument537
  • 2. Granting to an authentic instrument the most comparable evidentiary effects541
  • 3. Limits to the acceptance of an authentic instrument 543
  • III. Challenges to an authentic instrument 546
  • 1. Challenging the authenticity of an instrument 547
  • 2. Challenging the content of an instrument549
  • 3. Suspending the evidentiary effects of an authentic instrument552
  • IV. Legal consequences with regard to the content of an authentic instrument553
  • V. Final remarks555
  • Article 60 – Enforceability of authentic instruments558
  • I. Introductory remarks559
  • II. The procedure for the declaration of enforceability563
  • 1. The application 563
  • 2. The right to appeal against a ruling on the declaration of enforceability565
  • III. Legal consequences of the declaration of enforceability567
  • IV. Challenging the content or the authenticity of an instrument569
  • Article 61 – Enforceability of court settlements572
  • I. Court settlements falling into the scope of Regulation 650/2012 573
  • II. The procedure for the declaration of enforceability of court settlements574
  • 1. Applying for the enforcement of a court settlement574
  • 2. Challenging a ruling on the declaration of enforceability 576
  • CHAPTER VI578
  • European Certificate of Succession578
  • Article 62 – Creation of a European Certificate of Succession578
  • I. Introduction579
  • II. The current situation in the European Union 580
  • 1. Differences regarding evidence over the capacity to inherit580
  • 2. Difficulties resulting from the use of Certificates throughout the European Union584
  • III. The European Certificate of Succession 587
  • 1. The need and EU competence to issue a Certificate587
  • 2. The legislative course588
  • 3. Aim and main function of the European Certificate of Succession589
  • 4. Optional nature of the Certificate (para. 2)590
  • 5. Relationship between a European and a national Certificate of Succession591
  • Article 63 – Purpose of the Certificate594
  • I. Content and purpose of the rule 595
  • II. Certificate beneficiaries (para. 1)595
  • III. Permissible grounds to use the Certificate597
  • IV. Cross-border use of the Certificate 597
  • V. Representative instances of use (para. 2)598
  • Article 64 – Competence to issue the Certificate599
  • I. The ratio of the rule and its legislative evolution599
  • II. Jurisdiction to issue the Certificate600
  • 1. The general rule of Articles 4 and 10600
  • 2. Jurisdiction deviating from the general rule (Article 7)601
  • 3. Forum necessitatis 601
  • 4. Applicability of other provisions on jurisdiction602
  • III. Competent authority to issue the Certificate (64 point (b))602
  • Article 65 – Application for a Certificate604
  • I. Introductory remarks 605
  • II. Submitting an application (para. 1)606
  • III. Who may submit an application (para. 1)606
  • IV. Form of the application (para. 2)608
  • V. Basis of the application (para. 3)608
  • Article 66 – Examination of the application612
  • I. Content of the rule613
  • II. Basic principles of the procedure (para. 1)613
  • III. Evidence (para. 2 and 3)616
  • IV. Informing and hearing other possible beneficiaries (para. 4)618
  • V. Duty of cooperation between the competent authorities 620
  • Article 67 – Issue of the Certificate621
  • I. Content of the rule622
  • II. Prerequisites for issue of the Certificate622
  • 1. Procedural prerequisites 622
  • 2. Substantive prerequisites624
  • III. The duty to issue a Certificate627
  • 1. Immediate issue of the Certificate627
  • 2. Use of a specific form627
  • 3. Informing the beneficiaries of the issue of the Certificate627
  • Article 68 – Contents of the Certificate628
  • I. Introduction629
  • II. Information with regard to the aim pursued630
  • III. Individual features of the content631
  • Article 69 – Effects of the Certificate635
  • I. Content of the rule636
  • II. Main prerequisite for the Certificate to produce its effects 636
  • III. Immediate and prerequisite-free force of the effects of the European Certificate of Succession (para. 1)637
  • IV. Establishment of the legal presumption 637
  • V. Fides publica (public faith) of the Certificate639
  • 1. Making payments and passing on property (para. 3)639
  • 2. Disposing of succession property (para. 4)642
  • VI. Recording of the Certificate (para. 5)643
  • Article 70 – Certified copies of the Certificate645
  • Ι. General overview 645
  • II. Issue of certified copies (para. 1)646
  • III. List of certified copies (para. 2)647
  • IV. Duration of validity of certified copies (para. 3)647
  • Article 71 – Rectification, modification or withdrawal of the Certificate649
  • I. General overview649
  • II. The aim of the rule650
  • III. Rectification of clerical errors (para. 1)650
  • IV. Modification or withdrawal of the Certificate (para. 2)651
  • V. Duty to inform (para. 3)653
  • Article 72 – Redress procedures656
  • I. The aim and evolution of the rule657
  • II. Admissibility of redress procedures 657
  • III. The right to challenge a decision657
  • IV. Competent courts658
  • V. Ruling on the redress procedures (para. 2)660
  • Article 73 – Suspension of the effects of the Certificate662
  • I. The aim of the rule662
  • II. Prerequisites for suspension (para. 1)663
  • III. Duty to inform (para. 2 subpara. 1)665
  • IV. Challenging a decision to suspend 666
  • CHAPTER VII667
  • General and Final Provisions667
  • Article 74 – Legalisation and other similar formalities667
  • Article 75 – Relationship with existing international conventions668
  • I. Introductory remarks669
  • II. The concept of ‘conflicts’ between the Regulation and international conventions669
  • III. The solution of conflicts pursuant to Article 75 of the EU Succession Regulation 670
  • 1. Precedence of conventions with third States over the Regulation670
  • 2. Precedence of the Regulation over conventions concluded exclusively between two or more Member States671
  • 3. The prohibition of future unilateral commitments671
  • Article 76 – Relationship with Council Regulation (EC) No 1346/2000673
  • I. Introduction673
  • II. The (specific) relationship of the EU Succession Regulation with the EU Regulation on Insolvency Proceedings674
  • III. The rule of precedence of the EU Regulation on Insolvency Proceedings675
  • Article 77 – Information made available to the public677
  • Article 78 – Information on contact details and procedures679
  • Article 79 – Establishment and subsequent amendment of the list containing the information referred to in Article 3(2)680
  • Article 80 – Establishment and subsequent amendment of the attestations and forms referred to in Articles 46, 59, 60, 61, 65 and 67681
  • Article 81 – Committee procedure681
  • Article 82 – Review682
  • Article 83 – Transitional provisions683
  • I. Introduction684
  • II. The rule: non-retroactivity of the Regulation684
  • III. The exceptions685
  • 1. The choice of law (professio juris) prior to 17 August 2015685
  • 2. Dispositions of property upon death687
  • Article 84 – Entry into force689
  • Annex691
  • Index729
  • About the Authors737
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